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Understanding the types of programs  

Undergraduate programs
Starting your university studies
Check out the broad selection of bachelor degrees, minors, majors, certificates, and undergraduate doctoral programs available to you
Graduate programs
Pursuing your studies
Acquire a specialization, deepen your knowledge of your field, or focus on research: the sky is the limit!

Educational pathways
at the graduate level

Université de Montréal offers more than 350 graduate programs. Whether your plan is to acquire a foundation for a specialization, deepen your knowledge of your professional field, or move towards a research and teaching career, we have the program you need. 

Graduate programs include 2nd and 3rd levels of study:

  • The 2nd level consists of master’s degree programs, diplomas in advanced special studies (DESS) programs and microprograms. When a same department offers all 3 program types, these programs can be followed consecutively, allowing you to pursue advanced studies one step at a time. 
  • The 3rd level includes all doctorates (PhD), short graduate programs (doctorate level), and postgraduate fellowships. 

Types of programs

Regardless of the level, multiple pathways lead to success.

The microprogram is a short program of 9 to 18 credits that allows students to acquire the fundamentals of a specialization. It is geared toward students enrolled in a university program as well as toward professionals. 

Note: Since enrollment is usually part-time, this type of program is less accessible to international students. 

See all short graduate programs (page in French)

The program usually consists of 30 credits split between 2 segments: the first focuses on the fundamentals of the specialization, while the second aims to integrate and apply the acquired skills. These objectives are consistent with prevalent perspectives on continuing education for working professionals or for those seeking short-term specializations eventually leading to a master’s degree.

See all DESS (page in French)

The master’s program usually consists of 45 credits. They can be focused on either research or professional training. The master’s prepares students for postgraduate studies or the job market. There are 3 types of master’s programs:

Research master’s degree

In the research option, students deepen their specialization and are introduced to scientific research. This training entails the writing of a thesis under the supervision of a research director.

See research master’s programs (page in French)

Professional master’s degree

The professional option seeks to develop the intervention capabilities and aptitudes of future practitioners. The program primarily includes coursework and an internship in a relevant environment or a supervised project.

See master’s programs with supervised projects (page in French)

See master’s programs with internships (page in French)

Accelerated pathway to doctorate

A master’s candidate who presents an excellent file may, upon recommendation by competent authorities, submit a request for admission to the doctoral program without needing to submit the required thesis for the master’s degree. A renewable $7,000 grant is then given to the student.

See all master’s programs (page in French)

Doctoral programs consist of 90 credits primarily in the form of research, a comprehensive examination, the writing of a thesis, and a thesis defense before a jury. 

Doctoral studies lead to the levels of Doctor (D) or Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), the highest level in the hierarchy of university degrees. They prepare candidates for the job market or postdoctoral studies. Two profiles are offered: 


This profile allows students to acquire the necessary skills to autonomously conduct original, scientific research projects. It opens the door to careers as professors or researchers and it can be followed by postdoctoral studies.


This profile allows for the pursuit of a specialization begun at the graduate level. The program includes an internship in a relevant environment and a research component focused on the advancement of the profession or the evolution of practices.

See all doctoral programs (page in French)

It is also possible, at the postgraduate level, to arrange a thesis co-directorship, i.e., a partnership between Université de Montréal and a higher learning establishment abroad to jointly train and support a doctoral student. To this aim, 2 research directors, with the accord of the institutions to which they belong, design a dual training program for the student, who then undertakes their studies and work by attending, in alternation, both establishments.

Learn more about thesis co-directorship

Would you like to further develop your research specialization or explore a complimentary focus? Register for a postdoctoral fellowship at Université de Montréal. Considered one of the most important institutions in North American, Université de Montréal is the ideal place to refine high-level, specialized competencies. 

Every year, we host more than 400 postdoctoral fellows in the humanities, arts and letters, social sciences, fundamental and applied sciences, and health sciences.

Find out more